Sonnet. A sonnet is a type of poem with 14 lines and is divided into two stanzas, or parts. Each line has ten syllables in it. The first eight lines is the first stanza and the last six are the second stanza. Rhymes and iambic pentameter are the two biggest parts of sonnets.
a) rhymes and iambic pentameter. we all know rhymes. lime, dime. ash, dash. fast, last. orange, ?. iambic pentameter is a group of syllables, remember that sonnets need ten per line. It’s rhythm can best be compared to a human heart. The feel of it goes ba DUM, ba DUM, ba DUM. It’s a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. (x=stressed, ….=unstressed)
x …. x ….
Examples: Winston Asher
Iambic Pentameter is just like that, except it’s unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, not the other way around.
2) Shakespearian Sonnets. Shakespeare’s sonnets are a little different. On a sonnet, every other line’s last word is supposed to rhyme. In the first stanza, I made all the last words rhyme, but that was a personal choice.
Example: When I have fears that I may cease to be (A)
Before my pen has glean’d my teeming brain, (B)
Before high piled books, in charact’ry, (A)
Hold like rich garners the full-ripen’d grain; (B)
When I behold, upon the night’s starr’d face, (C)
Huge cloudy symbols of a high romance, (D)
And think that I may never live to trace (C)
Their shadows, with the magic hand of chance; (D)
And when I feel, fair creature of an hour! (E)
That I shall never look upon thee more, (F)
Never have relish in the faery power (E)
Of unreflecting love!—then on the shore (F)
Of the wide world I stand alone, and think (G)
Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink. (G)
At the end, for Shakespearian Sonnets, there is also a couplet at the end. Two lines that rhyme at the end.
Example: Whether or not we find what we are seeking is idle, biologically speaking.